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Culture and Social Change
The Urban Dilemma

By Mike Curtis, M. A., Henry George School of Social Science

April 27, 2011

Welcome to the urban dilemma: why our cities can't sustain themselves--and how they could.

Why shifting the source of revenue from confiscatory taxes to a charge that is based on the value of benefits received becomes an incentive to create the maximum number of jobs and dwellings that are economically desirable within every community.


Why shifting taxes from income and wages, sales, and the value of buildings to the rental value of land creates the incentives to rebuild our cities and promote an orderly development of the suburbs and rural areas--one that will make the most efficient use of our roads, sewers, and everything else that governments provide.
A Third Culture: The Empirical Study of Literature, Culture, and the Arts

Frank Hakemulder, PhD State University of Utrecht, The Netherlands

April 11, 2011



Charles Percy Snow (1905-1980), an influential novelist and former scientist at Cambridge University highlighted the contrast between the Sciences and the Humanities in his The Two Cultures (1959), not in a normative way as the German philosopher Dilthey had done before him, but in a descriptive way. He showed how the working cultures of these two groups of disciplines gradually grew apart over the past hundred years. (“Culture” is here to be understood as the ways, habits, customs, etc. of people acting.) At first sight, his description seems to underpin the view propounded by Dilthey and his followers in the Humanities. Snow seems to agree with them that there are two fundamentally different ways of looking at the world. A Diltheyan view implies that the methods of “understanding” and “explaining” are incompatible with each other, and that one has to choose between the two and also that adherents of either view cannot meaningfully communicate with each other. Snow maintained that one does not have to choose: the two methods can be combined and communication between them is a real possibility. In a kind of postscript to the second edition of his book he added that there may be a way out of this double-tracked view, in that an alternative way may exist. This is what he calls a “Third Culture”:

By: John M. Toothman, PhD, Board of Governors, Professor of Psychology

June, 15, 2017


Intercultural Open University Foundation (IOUF) is dedicated to the theory that social change can transpire by informed and courageous leaders who have been exposed to an intelligent and creative assessment of social programs. The all-volunteer Board of Governors, President, faculty, and staff believe that learners (future leaders) can be emboldened to become empathetic, courageous, and powerful change agents. The objective of the Foundation is to develop in these learners the proficiencies and expertise that will enable them to analyze structures, evaluate organizational pressures, and define political strategies in the world today.
Soul of the Nation

Anne Goldsmith, PhD,  Auroville

April 3, 2011


Soul of the Nation is the concept for my doctrinal thesis Completing Camelot: A Post Modern Narrative on the Soul of Britain. It is based in the thought of Sri Aurobindo, and the ideal of Auroville, of which I am a member. I am sure that most of you are well acquainted with Sri Aurobindo and Auroville, but for those who are not, a brief explanation is now necessary. Sri Aurobindo was one of India’s foremost spiritual teachers as well as a philosopher and poet, and was a leader in India’s struggle for freedom. Auroville was created by his spiritual partner (a French lady, to whom Sri Aurobindo gave the name ‘The Mother’) to manifest the teachings of Sri Aurobindo. In its Charter, the Mother states the purpose of Auroville is to realize Human Unity.
The Immigration Paradox

Mike Curtis, M.A., IOU Foundation and the Henry George School of Social Science

Are illegal immigrants more profitable than the very same people would be if they entered the country with a green card? Do illegal, low paid immigrants have any effect on the general level of wages throughout the country?

Time and again we are told that illegal workers only take the jobs that no one else wants. They are needed. Without them, restaurants would go out of business, small farmers would go broke and large farmers will move their operations abroad. There is little doubt, if all illegal immigrants were deported, many small employers would shut down. The Gross Domestic Product would fall, and so would overall worker productivity. Illegal immigrants are strong, healthy, hard-working, and they make up more than 5% of the US workforce.

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